four Deities

Brahma, Vishnu and Siva make the Triad in Hinduism. Their power is vested in their Sakthis.

Without their Sakthis, the Gods are powerless.  Brahma and Sarasvati, Vishnu and Sri, & Siva and Sakthi

are the power couples.  The Sakthi is always red. The Gods are portrayed always with upturned triangles, while their Sakthis

are inverted triangles, based on the escutcheon of the respective genders.


Dec 12, 2022. Divyaprabhandam: Tamil & English Translation by Srirama Bharati and Dr. Kausalya Hart.
Divyaprabhandam01-22.html Divyaprabhandam23-43.html












Tiruvasakam by Manikkavasagar
Tiruvasakam1.1 Tiruvasakam1.2 Tiruvasakam1.3 Tiruvasakam1.4 Tiruvasakam1.5 Tiruvasakam1.6
Tiruvasakam1.7 Tiruvasakam1.8 Tiruvasakam1.9 Tiruvasakam1.10 Tiruvavasakam1.11 Tiruvasakam1.12
Tiruvasakam1.13 Tiruvasakam1.14 Tiruvasakam1.15 Tiruvasakam1.16 Tiruvasakam1.17 Tiruvasakam1.18
Tiruvasakam1.19 Tiruvasagam1.20 Tiruvasakam1.21 Tiruvasakam1.22 Tiruvasakam1.23 Tiruvasakam1.24
Tiruvasakam1.25 Tiruvasakam1.26 Tiruvasakam1.27 Tiruvasakam1.28 Tiruvasakam1.29 Tiruvasakam1.30
Tiruvasakam1.31 Tiruvasakam1.32 Tiruvasakam1.33 Tiruvasakam1.34 Tiruvasakam1.35 Tiruvasakam1.36
Tiruvasakam1.37 Tiruvasakam1.38 Tiruvasakam1.39 Tiruvasakam1.40 Tiruvasakam1.41 Tiruvasakam1.42
Tiruvasakam1.43 Tiruvasakam1.44 Tiruvasakam1.45 Tiruvasakam1.46 Tiruvasakam1.47 Tiruvasakam1.48
Tiruvasakam1.49 Tiruvasakam1.50 Tiruvasakam1.51      










திருக்குறள் - ஆங்கில மொழிபெயர்ப்பு
Tirukkural Tamil--Translation--Explication-Commentary  May 15, 2023
01KuralPraiseOfTheLord 02KuralInPraiseofRain.html 03KuralTheGreatnessOfRenunciation






updated on June 5, 2021


New article as of May 16, 2019



May 11, 2021



                                           The downloads in the month of April 2018


April 2018 Atleast 50 Downloads and more



































Questioning God's Existence is Acceptance of His Existence.


All sayings 0001 to 1120

  'Sayings of Sri Ramakrishna' 


Real Nature of Man

1. You see many stars in the sky at night, but not when the sun rises. Can you therefore say that there are no stars in the heavens during the day? O man, because you cannot find God in the days of your ignorance, say not that there is no God.

16. The digit 1 may be raised to a figure of any value by adding zeros after it; but if that 1 is omitted, zeros by themselves have no value. Similarly so long as the Jiva (individual soul) does not cling to God, who is the One, he has no value, for all things here get their value from their connection with God. So long as the Jiva clings to God, who is the value-giving figure behind the world, and does all his work for Him, he gains more and more thereby; on the contrary, if he overlooks God and adds to his work many grand achievements, all done for his own glorification, he will gain nothing therefrom. 

17. As a lamp does not burn without oil, so a man cannot  live without God. 

18. God is to man what a magnet is to iron. Why does He not then attract man? As iron thickly imbedded in mud is not moved by the attraction of the magnet, so the soul thickly imbedded in Maya does not feel the attraction of the Lord. But when the mud is washed away with water, the iron is free to move. Even so, when by the constant tears of prayer and repentance, the soul washes away the mud of Maya that compels it to stick to the earth, it is soon attracted by the Lord to Himself. 

19. The union of the Jivatman with the Paramatman is like the union of the hour and the minute hands of a watch once in every hour. They are inter-related and interdependent, and though usually separate, they may become united as often as favorable opportunities occur. 

20. The soul enchained is man, but when free from the chain (Maya), it is the Lord. 

21. What is the relation between the Jivatman and the Paramatman? As a current of water seems to be divided into two when a plank of wood is placed against it edgewise, so the Indivisible appears divided into two, the Jivatman and the Paramatrnan, due to the limitation of Maya. 

22. Water and a bubble on it are one and the same. The bubble has its birth in the water, floats on it, and is ultimately resolved into it. So also the Jivatman and the Paramatman are one and the same, the difference between them being only one of degree. For, one is finite and limited while the other is infinite; one is dependent while the other is independent. 

23. The idea of an individual ego is just like enclosing a portion of the water of the Ganges and calling the enclosed portion one's own Ganges. 

24. As a piece of lead thrown into a basin of mercury soon becomes an amalgam with it, so an individual soul loses its limited existence when it falls into the ocean of Brahman. 

25. God is the infinite Being, while Jiva is only a finite being. How then can the finite grasp the Infinite? It is like a doll made of salt trying to fathom the depth of the ocean. In doing so the salt doll is dissolved into the sea and lost. Similarly the Jiva, in trying to measure God and know Him, loses its separateness and becomes one with Him. 

26. The Lord Himself is playing in the form of man. He is the great juggler and this phantasmagoria of Jiva and Jagat is His great jugglery. The Juggler alone is true, the jugglery is false.



Mahabharata War (Tanjore painting)



Articles, translation and commentary by V.Krishnaraj

Religious symbols




Gayatri Mantra for all ages, nations and people


Om Bhūrbhuvah suvah

tat savitur varenyam

Bhargo devasya dhīmahi

Dhiyo yonah pracodayāt


Om, earth, atmosphere, and heaven

That Light adore

Splendor divine meditate

Intellect who our inspire


Om earth, atmosphere, and heaven

Adore that light

Meditate on the divine splendor

May he inspire our intellect

(who inspires our intellect).





By Google Analytics on December 22, 2017

as of 11AM EST























Gayatri Mantra sung by Anuradha Paudwal

Here is the link.

 Bhagavan Krishna says in Bhagavd Gita (10.35Of the hymns in Sama Veda (I am) Brhatsama; of meters, I am Gayatri; of months (I am) Margasirasa (Dec-Jan); of all seasons, I am flower-bearer (spring).    

Search Wikipedia:

Chihuli  (Chihuli Glass Exhibits)
 Who Am I (Ramana Maharishi) Yogi in the Making
FiveEvilEntities: Ramakrishna's Advice  
DOs-DONTs-IN-RITUALS.pdf Hanuman
InnerOrgan  (Antahkarana) GAYATRI

Ramanamaharishi.pdf  Sep 16, 201 7

NarayanaAndJiva  May 8, 2021

ArthaPanchakam  May 31, 2021



                    First Translation of Gita into English by Charles Wilkins in 1785.

BhagavadgitaWilkins01 BhagavadgitaWilkins07 BhagavadgitaWilkins13
BhagavadgitaWilkins02 BhagavadgitaWilkins08 BhagavadgitaWilkins14
BhagavadgitaWilkins03 BhagavadgitaWilkins09 BhagavadgitaWilkins15
BhagavadgitaWilkins04 BhagavadgitaWilkins10 BhagavadgitaWilkins16
BhagavadgitaWilkins05 BhagavadgitaWilkins11 BhagavadgitaWilkins17
BhagavadgitaWilkins06 BhagavadgitaWilkins12 BhagavadgitaWilkins18
BhagavadgitaWilkins  (All 18 Chapters)


December 28, 2017

TreeInTheSeed.pdf  (Nineteen Articles by  By Sēvāratṉā Doctor T.S. Narayanaswami, Images: Aras)




  DasamahaDevi.pdf  (new as of October 3, 2016)





today Yasoda-Madonna
ImageLinks(Select images from BrahmaSutra

New File

 GuruvayurappanTemple (Krishnaji Temple Morganville NJ) htm file







BG01    BG Chapter 01 Arjuna's Distress  (Contains Sanskrit Verses)

BG02    BG Chapter 02 Samkhya Yoga- The Yoga of Knowledge.

BG03    BG Chapter 03 Karma Yoga.

BG04    BG Chapter 04 The Yoga of Knowledge

BG05    BG Chapter 05 Yoga of Renunciation of Action

BG06    BG Chapter 06 The Yoga of self-control

BG07    BG Chapter 07 Knowledge and Realization

BG08    BG Chapter 08 Brahman the Imperishable

BG09    BG Chapter 09 Yoga of Sovereign Knowledge and Sovereign Secret

BG10    BG Chapter 10 Manifestation

BG11    BG Chapter 11The Grand Vision                                        

BG12    BG Chapter 12 Bhakti

BG13    BG Chapter 13The Knower, the Field, and the Nature

BG14    BG Chapter 14The Three-Guna Psychology

BG15    BG Chapter 15 The Supreme Person

BG16    BG Chapter 16 The Divine and the Demon

BG17    BG Chapter 17 Gunas and Faith

BG18    BG Chapter 18 Renunciation and Liberation

Sankara's loss in debate


UPANIṢADS Translation  by Dr. Radhakrishnan

Upanisads-Introduction.pdf AitareyaUpanisad
brhadaranyakaUpanisad.pdf CHANDOGYA-UPANISAD.pdf
IsaUpanisad JabalaUpanisad


KausitakiUpanisad KenaUpanisad
MaitriUpanisad MandukyaUpanisad
MundakaUpanisad PaingalaUpanisad
PrasnaUpanisad SubalaUpanisad
SvetasvataraUpanisad TaittiriyaUpanisad
vajrasucikaUpanisad.htm(About castes)  

Bhagavadgita Translation by Dr. Radhakrishnan

Laser-Crisp Sanskrit Text and Transliteration

01. 01ChapterBG November 8, 2013 02. 02ChapterBG November 11, 2013
03. 03ChapterBG November 14, 2013 04. 04ChapterBG November 3, 2013
05. 05ChapterBG   November 21, 2013 06. 06ChapterBG   November 18, 2013
07. 07ChapterBG  November 20, 2013 08. 08ChapterBG  November 22, 2013
09. 09ChapterBG    November 19, 2013 10. 10ChapterBG November 6, 2013
11. 11ChapterBG    November 15, 2013 12. 12ChapterBG  November 24, 2013
13. 13ChapterBG   November 19, 2013 14. 14ChapterBG  November 24, 2013
15. 15ChapterBG November 7, 2013 16. 16ChapterBG   November 24, 2013
17. 17ChapterBG  November 23, 2013 18. 18ChapterBG November 5, 2013


Ramakrishna paramahamsa


All Sayings from 0001 to 1120 are in this PDF File.


New 2014 files
Pancayatana (5-symbol ceremony)





























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bg13-Sanskrit bg14-Sanskrit bg15-Sanskrit bg16-Sanskrit bg17-Sanskrit


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Ramanuja's Bhasya on Bhagavadgita



 Articles by Woodroffe

mantras_rites_all.pdf Mantra-Purification_all.pdf


KANDHARANUBUTHI TAMIL-ENGLISH.pdf  = கந்தர் அணுபூதி  pdf
VariarAndPearlsOfWisdom வாரியார் சுவாமிகள் மணிமொழிகள்
Lord_Shanmukha_and_his_worship.htm  (By Swami Sivananda) Free distribution.


  Woman And Four Serial Husbands
Kanchi Prelate explains Advaita.


தெய்வத்தின் குரல்   =  Call Of The Divine   by Kanchi Acharya Of The Divine

UniversalGuruofKanchiSpeaks.htm  The fifty Truths of Acharyas. (OK)
UniversalGuruofKanchiSpeaks.pdf   (OK)  



Who-Is-A-Brahmana   (January 17, 2017)



Love in Tamil Country in HTM and PDF format

LoveInTamilCountry (OK)

(காமத்துப்பால் by Valluvar) August 07, 2012


LoveInTamilCountry.pdf (OK)

 (காமத்துப்பால் by Valluvar) August 07, 2012

TirukkuralIn266Verses.htm  (OK)








The Most Visited Articles in the Month of July  2012 in the Order as Listed Below.  (OK)





Ramadan and Bija_Mantra-Ram.htm celebration_of_woman



 The_World_At_Large (Current events)


Serpent Power Complete.pdf  (OK)
This is a complete reproduction of the book (500 pages) dealing with Kundalini Cakras, Sat-Cakra-Nirupana and The fivefold Footstool. Sep/29/2011. Revised Oct 07, 2011.




Serpent Power by Woodroffe

Illustrations, Tables, and Highlights...

By Veeraswamy Krishnaraj  

Your Health cartoons  
    Narasimha Cakras
   CastesAsramasAll.pdf   (Woodroffe) OK)    
Misogyny  (OK)   USS New York (photos)
India of beguiling contrasts and beauty A Photo Presentation ----You Don't want to miss this Isvara, Chit and Achit  
Now That Is News You must see this.    





sitemap: HTM List of All Files

BG_LIST.htm: another list of files

The Most Recent Articles:

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Now That Is News


Judaism and Hinduism (OK)   Sripuram_Narayani_Gold_Temple.htm What_is_Srivaishnavism.htm





The Most Popular Articles:

Kundalini_Power (htm)









PrimerInSaivaSiddhanta KrishnaByVivekananda Bhaja Govindam  



SCRIBD UPLOADS.docx   KALI Siva-Chennai museum.pdf  
Arunachalesvarar temple AndalsTiruppavai SrinivasaKalyanamTiruppati.pdf









Tamil  தமிழ்

The Garland of Guru's Sayings-Thus Spake Ramana.pdf Gitagovindam by Jayadeva
  Kallazhakar_Temple srinivasa kalyanam-tiruppati.pdf  





Bhagavad-Gita:Chapters in Sanskrit

(All 18 chapters in Sanskrit, Transliteration, and Translation. click link below.)






Saatrikal Column

Bhagavadgita in English





























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Judaism and Hinduism Essence of Bible.pdf Essence of Bible.htm    
Sripuram_Narayani_Gold_Temple.htm   Mother_Teresa    
Saint Thomas Basilica Chennai India        

bhagavadgita_Obama_Nobel I Twit humor news



Current Events Special :


Definition of Incarnation Loveintamilcountry.pdf Judaism and Hinduism UNMAI_VILAKKAM.pdf
2009-what is new? SCRIBD UPLOADS.docx transmigration of soul  



Essence of Bible.pdf Essence of Bible.htm Saint Thomas Basilica


Siva Pages 




Siva-Chennai museum.pdf

Arunachalesvarar- அருணாசலேஸ்வரர். Tiruvannamali Temple. திருவண்ணாமலை கோயில்

 ARDHANARISVARA Androgynous Siva

 DAKSHINAMURTI Dakshinamurti, the south-facing Siva-Guru is God, Guru, Self, and teacher.

 FIERY LINGAM Siva as fiery column

 HymnsOfSankara Sankara, the protagonist of Monistic theory of Advaita.

 KALABHAIRAVA Southern aspect of Siva

 Kashmir Saivism   Saivism in Kashmir



PATI     Siva as Master


  Primer in Saiva Siddhanta Philosophy at it its best

 SADASIVA Siva the Grace Giver

Siva's eight forms





 Philosophy of Saiva Siddhanta in verses and English translation with illustrations. சிவஞான சித்தியர் சுபக்கம். in Tamil and English.


Siva-one is many  Siva's 8 forms

  SivapprakAsam  (சிவப்பிரகாசம் in Tamil and English- new as of November 28, 2008)

 SIVA'S FURY - DAKSADaksa savors Siva's fury

The soul according to Saiva Siddhanta.   SivaByTiruvundiyar

 SivaSutrasIn Sanskrit, tranliteration & translation  Supreme Identity of individual soul with the Universal Soul.

  Spandakarikas   Divine Creative Pulsation.

   UNMAI_VILAKKAM.pdf Elucidation or Explication of Truth.

SivaByTiruvundiyar  (Replaces Siva According To Tiruvundiar)


Japan, Buddhism, Hinduism Buddhism-Vivekananda Buddhist India    

This month's highlighted articles below

BALAJI_TEMPLE Definition of Incarnation Sripuram_Narayani_Gold_Temple.htm sat_chakra_Nirupana.pdf Kundalini-serpent power
  my recommendations and views paduka_pancaka.pdf

paduka panchaka--5-fold footstool

world according to Gandhi Devipuram transmigration of soul SriVaishnava_mantras.html

Index to files:             

Vishnu-Narayani Pages


ANDALS_TIRUPPAVAI Conciliator Srinivasa kalyanam-Tiruppati.pdf GitaGovindam Govinda
Krishna pictures NARAYANEEYAM Sri Vaisnava theological difference by Prof. Mumme.
vadakalai_tenkalai vaishnava mantras Vishnu Weds Lakshmi Visistadvaita by Desika-Satadusani Krishna by Vivekananda
Bhaja Govindam Nammalvar and God Nammalvar merges with God.pdf DHRUVA


Sripuram_Narayani_Gold_Temple.htm UdipiKrishna    




Kauai_attractions.pdf (includes the Hindu Iraivan Temple)  
St.Patrick's Cathedral in New York Washington_National_Cathedral_Photos Saint Thomas Basilica Chennai India

Bhagavad-Gita: All 18 Chapters  in Sanskrit and English with

Transliteration, and Translation


Ramanuja's writings:


Ramanuja's Bhasya on Bhagavadgita

Visistadvaita by Ramanuja


Brahman By Ramanuja

Cosmology by Ramanuja

 Nature of soul by Ramanuja

Way_hita.htm NatureOfPurusartha

swan song



Bhagavadgita Pages, Chapters 01 to 18 with commentary in English




BG01    BG Chapter 01 Arjuna's Distress  (Contains Sanskrit Verses)

BG02    BG Chapter 02 Samkhya Yoga- The Yoga of Knowledge.

BG03    BG Chapter 03 Karma Yoga.

BG04    BG Chapter 04 The Yoga of Knowledge

BG05    BG Chapter 05 Yoga of Renunciation of Action

BG06    BG Chapter 06 The Yoga of self-control

BG07    BG Chapter 07 Knowledge and Realization

BG08    BG Chapter 08 Brahman the Imperishable

BG09    BG Chapter 09 Yoga of Sovereign Knowledge and Sovereign Secret

BG10    BG Chapter 10 Manifestation

BG11    BG Chapter 11The Grand Vision                                        

BG12    BG Chapter 12 Bhakti

BG13    BG Chapter 13The Knower, the Field, and the Nature

BG14    BG Chapter 14The Three-Guna Psychology

BG15    BG Chapter 15 The Supreme Person

BG16    BG Chapter 16 The Divine and the Demon

BG17    BG Chapter 17 Gunas and Faith

BG18    BG Chapter 18 Renunciation and Liberation





Bhagavadgita in Sanskrit, translation and purport










bg10-Sanskrit bg11-Sanskrit bg12-Sanskrit
bg13-Sanskrit bg14-Sanskrit bg15-Sanskrit bg16-Sanskrit bg17-Sanskrit




Ramakrishna Paramahamsa



Jnana, Bhakti and Karma Incarnation Brahman Divine Realization
Kundalini Experience





Ramana Maha Rishi  (Dec 30 1879 to April 14 1950) 


pranayama Knots of the Heart.xml The Garland of Guru's Sayings-Thus Spake Ramana.pdf    



 Monier-Williams Writings Click below






Vishnu Pages


ANDALS_TIRUPPAVAI Conciliator DHRUVA GitaGovindam  
Krishna pictures NARAYANEEYAM vadakalai_tenkalai vaishnava mantras Vishnu Weds Lakshmi
Visistadvaita by Desika-Satadusani What_is_Srivaishnavism.htm      


General Pages


TILAKAM brahma_sutra_ch1.html.mht   Mother_Teresa Hindu Cosmology





MUS and RUS The City Bird karma The Lion and the Cub
The Fruits The Clouds kali-an eulogy Nectar of Life
The plowman Asthma Devotion  



secular pages

my recommendations and views

Miscellaneous pages





SIVA-SAKTI and  Mother Goddess


KALI DeviMahatmyam  
LALITA-MAHATMYA GAYATRI Primer in Saiva Siddhanta Bhakti Kamakshi
FIERY LINGAM  SADASIVA  Siva-one is many  Sabda or Sound  Ardhanarisvara
Parvati The Red Mountain YOGI Kularnava Tantra Panchadasi













Saiva Siddhanta

TiruManTiraM TMTM

Links below

Presentation: Veeraswamy Krishnaraj


TMTM =TiruManTiraM by Chapters 01-09 by Tirumular.





Tirumantiram Verses and links: Tantras 01-09. By Verses
TMTM1-336 TMTM337-548 TMTM549-883
TMTM884-1418 TMTM1419-1572 TMTM1573-1703
TMTM1704-2121 TMTM2122-2648 TMTM2649-3047



Tirumantiram All 9 Chapters in Tamil and English.











Veeraswamy  Krishnaraj
Copyright © 2004. All rights reserved.
Revised: 10/12/23.




Here is a link for you to look up the meaning of Sanskrit words


You see many stars in the night sky but not when the sun rises. Can you therefore say that there are no stars in the heavens during the day? O man, because you cannot find God in the days of ignorance, say not that there is no God.--Ramakrishna on God



November 13, 2012

Indians around the world got a special Diwali message from outer space as Indian-American astronaut Sunita Williams sent out warm wishes on the occasion from the International Space Station.

Floating upside down in the space station as she appeared on the screen before the Indian tricolour for a local TV show, Williams said, "I just want to wish everybody in India and people of Indian origin around the world a happy Diwali".

"It is a wonderful festival and I am happy we are part of it up here at the International Space Station," she said.

Williams, 47, spoke to Indian-origin student of New York University Riti Bhalla, who as a city-based TV host interviewed Williams on her Diwali special programme.

The tricolour was not the only Indian object accompanying Williams in space.

She has also carried a picture of the Sanskrit word 'Om' and a copy of the Upanishads, which her father gave to her before she left for the space mission.

"I did bring a couple of things that have to do with India from my father, particularly a peaceful 'Om' that stays outside my crew quarters where I sleep and the Upanishads so I can read it while I am up here.

"It is a small version (of the Upanishads) but it definitely brings the wisdom to us while we are here and allows us to think of the true meaning of life and what we are doing.

"I have a couple of real true reminders of my Indian heritage while I am up here," Williams, dressed in a blue T-shirt and brown shorts, said.

Williams expressed appreciation for the support she has received from people in India and for their "heartfelt sincere feelings for the work we are doing up here and how we are doing and for our safe return back home".

As she waved goodbye and floated off, Williams said she hopes to visit India next Diwali "to say thank you to all the people in person".

The interview would be telecast in 75 countries on the occasion of Diwali.

In August, the Indian-American astronaut had displayed the tricolour on board the International Space Station and wished Indians on the eve of their 66th Independence Day.

Williams along with Yuri Malenchenko of Russia and Japan's Akihiko Hoshide left for the ISS aboard a Russian spacecraft on July 15.

She holds the record of the longest spaceflight (195 days) for a female space traveller.


Welcome to my Web site!   



Friends:  I translated the verses in simple English and tried as much as possible not to bring the reader to a standstill with a need to dive and delve in the dictionary. I did all the needed diving and delving necessary to understand the difficult words and phrases and present them to the reader in the clearest and the most objective manner. Materials from reputable Sanskrit-English Dictionaries and Hindu religious books helped me explain the Sanskrit words and phrases and keep the flow supple, simple, and fluid. Here I am a student as much as you are.

This is a labor of love. This book’s intent is not to advance a particular religious slant, for all religions have universal Truths, which I find in Bhagavad-Gita. You will find reference to all religions and their Truths in the commentary section.


        Religion (re + ligare = back + tie, bind, fasten, bring) tells that religion ties the man back to his source or brings man back to his source. Ligare, ligate, ligature are cognate words. Hindu religion calls it Nvirrti (involution-- centripetal movement of the soul to the Great Soul). It tells that man is disconnected from his Source, the Being, Atman; religion reestablishes the connectedness between the individual soul and the Great Soul of the Universe. Thus all souls upon being tied back to its source become one with the source; that is absorption, liberation from the material world, Nirvana or Moksa.


To the Western, Indian Religion generally seems a "jungle" of contradictory beliefs amidst which he is lost. Only those who have understood its main principles can show them the path.  Sir John Woodroffe.


        Below, you will find explanations why Hindu gods have more body parts than usual. If you ask any mother with four youngsters, she will tell you that she wished she had four hands. Another facet that fascinates people in the west is that the Hindu gods are married and have children like the human counterparts. Let me assure you that they are not married. Their so-called consorts are their powers. If god happens to have four wives, that means he has four extraordinary powers (Sakti), portrayed as four wives. Devout Hindus believe that the Gods and Goddesses are married and have families. You heard the expression from an angry wife to her husband: "Are you married to me or to your job?" That job is compared to a spouse.

Bhagavad-Gita, as the saying goes, is the Lord's song. It was a two-way communication between God and man, between friends, and between relatives. It tells us, on the one hand that Arjuna surrendered to Lord Krishna as His devotee and on the other hand, they were friends and blood relatives. Put yourself in Arjuna's place: Arjuna like any other rational human being had his doubts about the authenticity of Krishna Himself and His advice.

Take a look at Chapter Four:

4:  Arjuna said: Your birth was later and Vivasvat's birth was earlier. Then how am I to know or understand that you declared this to him (Vivasvat) in the beginning?

5:  Sri Bhagavan said: Many of my lives have passed. You also had many births. O Arjuna, I know them all but you do not, the chastiser of enemies.

6:  Though I am unborn, imperishable and the Lord of beings–Isvarah, and although established in My own nature, I come into being by My own māyā power (Ātma-māyāyin).

It took Lord Krishna most of eighteen chapters to tell Arjuna that He is the original source of the known and the unknown. Krishna displayed His patience, kindness, compassion, composure (in the face of doubt, dread, doom, and gloom), and love. He also showed the true nature of a gentleman, a friend, a charioteer, a relative, a philosopher, a guru, and a God in allaying the fears of a doubting Arjuna.

We are all devotees of Krishna or God who extends his friendship to us, and our “self” is a chip off the Old Block, the Greater Self or Lord Krishna or God. By extension, all humanity and all living souls are chips off the Old Block. We are chips in a figurative and literal sense. According to Nimbarka, each soul is individualistic and at the same time organically dependent on Brahman. The Higher Self does not dwindle or contract; It (the Self) is like a lit candle, which does not become less bright when it gives light to other candles. However, the original light source is like the sun and of great effulgence and we are like the little candles. Ramanuja says that our individual souls are like sparks coming off the fire. All living beings are reflections of the Higher Self as all reflections in jars of water are reflections of the sun.

We are all related to one another and related to God. Science offers proof that all living entities share some common genes and qualities. Genetic studies prove this unity in existence. Bacterium and man share some genes. This is called horizontal transfer from bacteria. Scientists say that the bacterial genes came into the human cell and set up housekeeping outside the nucleus of the cell. These bacterial genes came to be known as Mitochondria. The human nucleus found some uses (symbiosis) for these bacterial mitochondrial genes and incorporated some of them into human chromosomes.  It appears that there is an exchange of genes between species. mtDNA is used to trace motherhood of all people to the African Eve. The points of coalescence for all human beings are the African Adam with Y chromosome and African Eve with X Chromosome and mtDNA. They are our great, great, great...grandparents, as Paramataman is the point of coalescence for all bodies, souls and matter in this universe. Each one of us is the flesh and blood of Adam and Eve and a fragment of Paramatman. As we trace our lineage backwards in our genetic paths, we have encountered our cousins in animals, ultimately ending in a microbe, the common ancestor of all living things, which traces its existence to Aksaram, the Imperishable. "The repetitive sequences in the human genome provide fossil record dating back to 800 million years. All races and ethnic groups share "identical genes in the amount of 99.9%;" 0.1% constitute "various genes and genetic markers specific for different races." This infinitesimal difference portraying partly the color of skin and eyes, facial and racial features... is a major cause of discrimination, conflict, wars, violence....


Published: August 22, 2006

James Gorman in his NYTimes article puts it humorously the following tidbit.

I’m delighted to be related to flies, yeast, frogs, chimps and blue-green algae. I find the serenity of algae restful and the ambition of yeast admirable. Frogs are great jumpers. Chimps have hands at the end of their feet, sort of. And fruit flies, well, I never met a fruit fly that I was ashamed to share genes with, and I certainly can’t say that about human beings.


Human Insulin gene introduced in bacteria produces human insulin, that we use everyday. By extension, those bacteria have the potential to become a human being. According to Richard Dawkins in his book The Ancestor's Tale, page 13, our history is evolutionary and all living creatures are cousins. Humans and bacteria have DNA sequences which are so similar that whole paragraphs are word-for-word identical (Page 24). (As we look at the Grand Tree of Life, we see Origin, Grand Confluence, Trunk, Primary branching points, secondary branches, rendezvous points at many branching Vs, terminal branches and the rest, we trace life back to a repository of DNA of all life, the Stem Substance, Avyaktam (the Unmanifest) and Aksaram (the Indestructible).



This is the message of Hinduism. If bacteria have the potential to become a human being, the latter should have the potential to become god. This means that a human being can become more sattvic (virtue, goodness) than he is now. Man is an incarnate of God in a limited and restricted sense. All beings from plants to bacteria to animals to man have sentience, which the plants and the bacteria have in the least amount, the animals have in a small amount and man has in the most amount. That common sentience is the basis for nonviolence to any, or at the most as slight (a violence) as possible. 

What is the purpose of all these beings from bacteria, through plants through animals to human beings? It is the evolution of the soul and it has a cosmic compulsion in it: All souls have this compulsion to excel. The mouse becomes man by moving up the soul's evolutionary ladder; it is the soul's ascent and the body can range from that of an ameba to man. The chimp in its cosmic compulsion to excel loses its tail, walks on two feet, struts along, and becomes a champion of a human being. On the same cosmic compulsive trait, man becomes god. Our lower traits recede and the higher traits evolve or take hold. We left our tail, we left our jungle habitats, we are now human beings, and we are on our way up the ladder. In the pursuit of higher transcendental consciousness, the yogis, the Rishis and the Munis are the trailblazers: Krishna, Buddha, and Jesus.  

Let me explain the seeming incongruities in the presentation as far as evolution of the soul and the body containing the soul. The soul is important here; the body is secondary, and the latter is only a vessel holding the individual soul. The individual soul can ascend or descend up and down the ladder of flora and fauna, depending on its Prārabda karma. When I say that we left our tail and that we are human beings now, it means the individual soul cast off the body of the chimp or any of the members of the kingdom of flora and fauna and now has taken residence in the human body. It is the soul's journey through the plant, animal, and human bodies, until it reaches the Greater Soul.

While a roundworm and a fruit fly have 19K and 13K genes respectively, a human being has only 30K active genes. Take a flowering plant, Arabidopsis thaliana. The common name for this weed belonging to the mustard family and containing 25k genes is mouse-ear cress. How is it that a human being is so much more complicated, and yet has only twice the number of genes as a roundworm or a fruit fly and that he is only 5K genes above a flowering plant? So much for our pride and ego. Man has all the genes that a mouse has; we have only 300 genes that are special to human beings:  Genetically speaking we are mouse first and human later. Even worse is the fact that we share genes with round worm. Chimps and humans share 99% of the genes; Twenty-five percent of human genes are shared with banana. We share many genes with the cow.

The truth is our origins are lowly, and we try to rise and blossom like a lotus flower whose origin and roots are in the slimy mud. "Human genes make more proteins per gene (three on average) than many other organisms. Human proteins are more complex than those of many other organisms."

It appears that every step or rung of the spiral DNA ladder that is new and advanced and that we climb, we become that much more complicated. The coding regions, namely the exons, join (splice) together in different sequences, or one or more exons dropped or new ones added, to produce cascades resulting in new proteins. Man’s DNA structure and proteins are the most complicated and highly evolved in the animal kingdom. Man's genes undergo mutation twice as fast as the woman’s do. It can spearhead an evolutionary process or produce maimed bodies or minds. This goes to back the Christian view of Adam and Eve, and the Hindu view of Prajapati splitting into two parts, resulting in two beings, a man and woman.

There is a commonality of DNA among all members of the flora and fauna; that DNA is basis for the physical body. Those DNA strands are interchangeable between animals and plants. There is a soul in all sentient beings and insentient objects. This individual soul in every member of these two kingdoms is the same, but its distance from and degree of awareness of the Greater Soul makes the difference between the men and mice. We share DNA and soul in varying degrees of sophistication from ameba to man; the body and soul come from the Lord who pervades the whole universe. That is why the Lord’s other name is “All Pervader,” Vishnu.                         

The gene machine that makes proteins in our body is similar to the gene machine in animals. The insulin that we make in our body is no different–with minor variations– from the insulin, which pigs or other mammals make. You see the biological connection here.

The Lord appeared in this world in many forms. The Avatars in chronological order were Varaha, Narasimha, Kurma, Matsya, Vamana, Parasurama, Rama, Krishna, and Buddha. Kalkin the future Avatar will come in the form of a Brahmana or a warrior riding on a white horse. A reference to the ocean as the source of life occurs in Text 12 of Brahmasamhita. The ocean sprang from Lord Narāyana, who is the resting-place of the ocean. Nara: the waters of the causal ocean. Ayana: the resting-place.


1. Matsya (Fish)

2. Vamana (Dwarf)

3. Narasimha (Man-Lion, Chimera)

4. Kalkin (Yet to incarnate)


Kurma is tortoise; Matsya is fish; Varaha is boar; Narasimha is man-lion: the upper part is lion and the lower part is human. Narasimha, the man-lion, is a chimera (a composite) in a subtle and gross sense, a transitional being between animal and man with no dilution of the efficacy of the avatar. Narasimha Avatar indicates that Bhagavan exists in animals, human and insentient objects, the last because he emerged from a palace pillar to save His devotee, Prahalada from his own father's cruelty. Vamana is a human dwarf. Parasurama, Rama, and Krishna are the other human avatars (incarnations). It is my understanding that any sensed evolutionary model in these incarnations, in consideration of chronological aberration, does not hold water, though an existence of evolutionary concept in the incarnations can not be ruled out. Fish, Tortoise, Boar, Man-Lion, and Dwarf incarnations suggest an evolutionary thread in that fish with rudimentary limbs and a mobile neck from the sea came on land, morphed into a land animal, later to a chimera of animal and man through very many links, and still later a dwarf (the first men were dwarfs compared to us). The recent discovery of a fossil (Tiktaalik, 2004 Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada) of a four to nine feet long flat fish (that lived 375 million years ago) with a rudimentary neck and limblike fins that could propel it from out of water to land is widely acclaimed as the missing link of evolution coming out of the seas.

        It is said by the devotees of Krishna that sterile writings of historians depict Krishna as a composite and a conflation of four personalities: Cowherd, Casanova,  Machiavelli and Yogi of Yogis.  To the devotees he is an Avatar and a conflation of Sat, Chit, and Ananda. 

The Ten Avatars of Vishnu (Dasavatara): 1. Fish, 2. Tortoise, 3. Boar, 4. Narasimha, 5. Vamana, 6. Parasurama, 7. Ramachandra, 8. Krishna, 9. Buddha, 10. Kalki.  





There is a battle raging between creationists and evolutionists. There is a new entrant in the fray. His advocacy of “Intelligent Designer Theory” rests on the belief that certain complexities in proteins cannot explain simple evolutionary theory. The Designer Theorists believe there is an Intelligent Being designing the complexities and putting them into biological processes. Some denounce "intelligent design as a religious belief masquerading as a secular idea." 

We have not seen the end of this pursuit yet. The Brahman is too complex for the human mind to grasp. However, every step is in the right direction towards Truth, which reveals itself more with each step. Upanishads still lead in revealing “Truth”. Could it be possible that “Intelligent Designer” is another name for Brahman?

A common question faced by Hindus is why Hindus worship so many gods and goddesses. I suppose they mean that one generic god should be good enough. A reasonable question. Yes, Hindus do have a generic God, namely Nirguna Brahman, a nameless, formless God or Entity without attributes, which do not connote a moral dimension. It means the human mind is so limited to fathom the breadth, depth, and form of a God that God is without attributes.  

            All Hindu Gods are names and forms of this Nirguna Brahman. Generics are as good as patents. However, who is listening? A car with four wheels, a roof, an engine, and a steering wheel takes you where you want to go. Why do people go shopping and test-driving different makes and models of cars? You like one car and not the other. Hindus call this liking “Ishta.” Hindus go shopping for their Ishta-devata, meaning a god of their liking. When it comes to gods, we can make a choice: true democratic values. It is all about choices. Particular Ishta Devata fits well with the psychological makeup of the votary. Joseph Campbell observes, "The Indians speak of one's "chosen" deity; one's own peculiar psychology is what determines the image that will speak to one most eloquently and carry one onto the higher planes."

Hindus know that God takes a person from this material world to a spiritual world or heaven, as a car takes a person from one place to another place. Hindus would rather have a reliable, patented, certified, documented, tested, and true God loaded with choices. The brand name Gods come in different colors, shapes, power, options, and warranties. Periodic maintenance includes festivals, fasts, yogas, prayers, and pilgrimages. We believe in one God, but give Him many names, forms, and attributes.  


            Nirguna Brahman manifests as Isvara and projects many aliases: that is his Maya.  People of different religions are deluded (by his maya) into thinking that alias Krishna, Siva, Allah or The Lord is different from that Universal God or Isvara, whom I call the Polynomial God – a Sum of gods, each god has a variable raised to a power and multiplied by a coefficient.

When was the last time you thought of your father or mother as a formless abstract idea? A form and a name help connect a name to a form. It is difficult to imagine God or Goddess as formless and nameless, though He or She is such. The mental image of a form and a name helps the mind anchor and focus on God. According to Sankara, who believes in a formless and nameless Brahman, image worship, chanting of mantras, meditation, and contemplation on one's own self are the many means towards realization; sequentially, the latter is better than the former and the last is the best and the highest form of worship. When realization sets in, the means mean nothing and fall by the wayside.

Do you want to worship a God who sits in His impersonal glory in the heavenly palace up there in deep freeze, out of reach, looking down, dispensing justice, and not caring? I do not think so. You want somebody who is personable, friendly, close and understanding, but not awe-inspiring, forbidding, formidable, jealous, and punishing. He wants to be kind, loving, caring, and helpful. He invites attachment, love, friendship, Vatsalya (mother-child relationship), and devotion. He does not even mind hatred, fear and any of the other myriad feelings towards Him. He seems to say, "Love Me once, you are free (liberation/moksa); hate Me once, your are free; ignore Me once, you will fry in hell. The Gopis attained liberation (moksa) by love, Kamsa by fear, Sisupala by hatred, Pandavas by friendship, Yadhavas by attachment, Narada by devotion. The key is thinking and remembering the Lord in love, fear, hate, friendship, attachment, devotion or any one of  myriad feelings. The Lord seems to say, "Ignore me at your own peril." That is why Hindus have given names, forms, and attributes to God for them to worship. 09-325-BGALLBW.pdf


The resulting personal gods come from that one Nirguna Brahman, with special emphasis on their individual marks. Carbon is the common element among graphite, graphene, diamond, soot, charcoal, nanotubes, nanofoam, and buckyballs (Buckminster Fullerines). They are of the same basic element, but of different qualities and usefulness. Each entity differs in its configuration and arrangement of atoms. Same is true of gold. An aggregate of 20 gold atoms make a pyramid; 16 atoms make a cage. This is true of different gods and yet they are all derivatives of One Nirguna Brahman.

Hindus worship gods ranging from wind, earth, fire, to Nirguna Brahman. Would you like to explain the intricacies of Dvaita and Advaita philosophies to a snake worshipper? I do not think so. However, such a supposition runs counter to the notion that we are all equal in the eyes of God. God by His nature and qualities must be an egalitarian. Ecclesiastic and scriptural elitism must rise above sophistry, and nourish the devotees with sops worthy of easy digestion and understanding. Should the scripturally naive worry about superimposition, sublation, time, space, and causation? One sees the all-powerful God in the snake and the other sees God in Nirguna Brahman. Their love for God is equal, and the Love that God has for both is equal. It is the love and devotion that matter, not the “object” one worships.

The Self is the same in the snake worshipper and the yogi practicing Jnāna yoga. The Self at both ends of the spectrum and in-between sees unequalness only in the excellence of the mind; yet all have the potential for eventual moksa (liberation).

If one wants to worship an egg as God, one should have that freedom and choice. Hinduism has a god for everyone ranging from an atheist and animal worshipper to a monist. That an atheist denies the existence of God is a declaration that he is God Himself. The great Vāc (Great Saying) “Tat Tvam Asi,” “That Thou art” stands witness to his stance.

            The Lord is Sarvatma (atma of all beings); therefore, He is Jivatma and Paramatma (the individual soul and Supreme Soul); there is no difference between Jivatma and Paramatma; Jivatma is another name for Paramatma from whom Jivatma came. This is what is meant by Tat tvam asi, --That thou art.


Hindus face this question every day:  Why do Hindu Gods have extra body parts?  

Let me tell you right off that God did not ask for any appendages or body parts. Man realized the limits of his own body and body parts, and the omniscience, omnipotence and omnipresence of God. How is man going to translate these awesome qualities of God in physical and mental terms? Man knows well those body parts that he owns himself. 

According to Sruti mantras, God does not have any of the anthropomorphic features or human body parts. He is Consciousness; He has no hands but accepts any devotional offerings; He has no feet, but can go anywhere; He has no physical eyes but can see anything. Brahma-samhita says that each of the special senses of God and other organs are omniscient, omnipotent and “omnifunctional,” meaning that His eye can see, hear, eat, taste and grasp. He fertilizes by His glance. There is a condition in human beings known as synesthesia, by which a synesthete (the person) tastes shapes, feels colors, sees sounds; and perceives sounds, letters, and numbers as colors. There must be something in the wiring of the brain which facilitates sound perceived as color. If man has this ability, it is not hard to imagine that God can do all functions with one or no organ.


He is the undeclared and the Real Father of all living beings; we share His DNA base by base; He is the soul in each one of us. You have heard the term MRCA, Most Recent Common Ancestor, in DNA studies; the African Adam and Eve are our physical ancestors according geneticists. Since we all have a fragment (Amsa) of the Lord in all of us, we all can trace our lineage back to confluence with the Lord. Our lineage from the Lord is older than Adam and Eve.


        God's extra body parts are symbols of extraordinarily divine qualities. The gods also hold their body parts in certain special ways to tell a meaning or Truth and this is Mudra or symbol. Let me explain a common symbol or mudra that we use every day. When you oppose the thumb with the forefinger at their tips to form a circle with the other three fingers extended, we mean that everything is perfect or the intended goal is in sight. This particular mudra, called Bhadra Mudra, symbolizes silence. A Guru, seated in front of his disciples, in Bhadra Mudra pose, is telling the pupils that reflection on a Truth in silence is more revealing than much verbiage. It also means the union of the individual soul with the Higher Soul, namely Paramatman.

Vishnu holds the discus, the lotus flower, the conch, and the club by the right upper, the right lower, the left upper, and the left lower hands respectively. The conch represents the origin of primal sound OM, and the call Vishnu makes to draw the attention of man to His Higher Self. The club represents His power to inflict punishment or subdue; the discus represents the time (wheel of Time) that remains in Him and it stands for mind, concentration, and control of body. The lotus flower is the symbol of purity and peace. The fully bloomed lotus also represents blossoming Vijnāna, intuitive divine wisdom in a man who turned a leaf and became a yogi. This carrot-and-stick approach (the lotus flower and the club) helps the soul go forward to its destination: moksa, without gathering any karma on its long march.

Brahma, the God of creation, has four heads and four hands, all for good reasons:  each head represents one Veda, book of revelation. Since he is the creator, his hands symbolize the evolving constituents of prakriti namely the mind, the intellect, the ego, and the consciousness. He sits on a lotus flower, which represents unfolding of the universe and wisdom. Lord Vishnu created Brahma, who by His portfolio had to be skillful, both in cerebral and physical ways. Imagine that each head is an independent processor or thinking apparatus. All four heads or processors put together have much brainpower: you may call it one-god or one-person think tank. He creates and so needs that redundant brainpower.

Siva has a vertical third eye (with upper eyelashes to his right) in His forehead;  it has multifarious roles; it is the high point of divine vision and wisdom, and when it opens, it is the annihilator of the universe with dissolution of duality, forms, and names. The third eye is also the destroyer of darkness (Tamas), and the epicenter of wisdom (Jnāna), and that glabellar meditative locus is a plane in Kundalini Yoga.

Ganesa, the elephant-faced God, can create and remove obstacles for man and gods. Lord Ganesa was all ears, when He learned Vedanta and that is why He has large ears. He is a good listener; He has the memory of an elephant; once He hears, He never forgets. That is why Sage Vyasa dictated Mahabharata to Lord Ganesa. His Vāhana (vehicle of transport), the mouse, stands for the desire that eats (expunges) all good merits and therefore man should control the desire in him, and attain liberation.

His trunk is so versatile that it has the delicacy and the sensitivity to pick up a blade of grass and the strength to lift heavy objects; further, it symbolizes his highly evolved intellect, discriminative wisdom, and unparalleled awareness of the inner workings of gunas– Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas. His two tusks represent the dualities, such as pleasure and pain, love and hate, good and evil, right and wrong; the trunk between these two tusks symbolizes the discriminate choice he makes between the two components of each duality; and the broken tusk symbolizes transcendence of the dualities. His extraordinary and humongous appetite symbolizes the zest for life under all conditions. His grace helps roast the karmic seeds easing the passage of the soul into moksa.

There are goddesses in the Hindu pantheon. Mahalakshmi, Sarasvati, and Durga are known and worshipped all over India. There are many others, some of local fame.

Mahalakshmi, commonly known as Lakshmi, is the primary and first consort of Visnu. Her other names are Sri, Padma, Kamala, Cancala and Ashtalakshmis.  She came out of the milk ocean with a lotus in her hand and was taken as a consort by Visnu according to her wish and by choice of the Lord himself. She is sakti of Visnu or Narayana. She is the primary goddess from whom all other goddesses emanated, and so, is the Mother goddess. When Lakshmi emerged from the milk ocean, she had four arms (like Vishnu) with conch, disc and lotus. She is amsa of Vishnu, having emerged from Vishnu in Srikalpa. Does it not remind you of Eve coming out of Adam? She is the resident agent for creation, sustenance and destruction of the universe. She is a form of Brahman. 

 She is endowed with Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas, manifesting each as the occasion and the role demand. Visnu Purana eulogizes her in the eighth chapter. She is eternal, imperishable, all-pervading, and omnipresent. She is the mediator between the devotees of Visnu and Visnu. Her role in relation to Visnu is complementary, though Visnu by himself needs no complement from any one.  While Visnu is meaning, Sri is speech. When Visnu takes on the role of Siva, she becomes Gauri, the consort of Siva.  Sri is the heavens and Visnu is the space.  She is the light and he is the moon. Sometimes the role is reversed. Lakshmi is the light and Hari (Visnu) is the lamp. He is Yama and she is his spouse, Dhumorna.  Visnu is the tree and Sri is the vine. He is all that is male and she is all that is female.

Whatever form Visnu takes in the universe, Sri is always his consort. Their names change but they are always with each other from beginningless time till eternity.  There are many associations of Lakshmi with many gods. According to BG10.41, whatever being has vitality, splendor, and power, know that to be a manifestation of a fragment of my splendor. In whoever you find that fragment of the Lord, one sees Lakshmi there too, because they are inseparable.

At sublation, she plays the role of Mahakali, also known as Durga, who has ten emanations of her own: Durga; Simhavahini, the rider of the lion; Mahasuramardini, the killer of Mahisa; Jagaddhatri, slayer of giants; Kali, the killer of giant Raktavija; Muktakesi, the killer of more giants; Tara, the killer of Sumbha; Chinnamasta, slayer of Nisumba; and Jagadgauri, the protector and deliverer of gods from demons.  As Parvati, she is the consort of Siva.

Mahalakshmi’s emanation, Mahasarasvati, is the goddess of learning, arts and music. Sattva guna (virtue) is the dominant mode in Sarasvati, whose powers are Sraddha, faith; Rddhi, prosperity; Kala, arts; Medha, intelligence; Tushti, satisfaction; Pushti, prosperity; Prabha, radiance; and Mati, judgment. A river was named after her, which is only a dry riverbed now.  Because she is the goddess of learning, image of her carrying the Vedas and a Vina, the stringed musical instrument, is hung in the libraries and worshipped with flowers.

Some students of Hindu mythology believe that Laksmi represented certain desirable qualities for king and those qualities assumed an ontological form. The qualities are power, radiance, fortune, beauty, spirituality, and auspiciousness. Her depiction with elephants and lotus flower represents royalty, fertility, fortune and spirituality.

Mahalakshmi is Yoganidra in Visnu. (Yoganidra is personified as Mahalakshmi.) When the creative process is about to happen, Yoganidra power in Vishnu jumps out of slumber in the form of Mahalakshmi who fulfills the function of Brahma, Vishnu and Siva.

Lakshmi is worshipped and celebrated during Deepavali festival for prosperity in one’s chosen field. It is a festival of lights, which drives away Lakshmi’s sister Alakshmi who is an embodiment of poverty, hunger, and want.

Krishna Lila titillates the prurient fancy of many in the West, India, and the rest of the world. The scenario depicts eight Gopis in various poses and stages of undress in the lake and Krishna sitting on a tree by the lakeside with their clothes. This is the explanation. The eight gopis or milkmaids are personification of eight bonds; the stolen clothes represent the inauspicious qualities that mislead the Jiva (soul) into Samsara without any possibility of escape. When the qualities are removed and the jiva is separated from the bonds, Jiva attains liberation from Samsara (metempsychosis, birth and rebirth). 



◄►To the Western, Indian Religion generally seems a "jungle" of contradictory beliefs amidst which he is lost. Only those who have understood its main principles can show them the path.

For the Hindu there is the Agama which contains forms of discipline which his race has evolved and are therefore prima facie suitable for him. This is not to say that these forms are unalterable or acceptable to all. Others will adopt other forms of Sadhana suitable to them. Thus, amongst Christians, the Catholic Church prescribes a full and powerful Sadhana in its Sacraments (Samskara) and Worship (Puja, Upasana), Meditation (Dhyana), Rosary (Japa) and the like. But any system to be fruitful must experiment to gain experience, The significance of the Tantra Shastra lies in this that it claims to afford a means available to all, of whatever caste and of either sex, whereby the truths taught may be practically realized.

◄► Sir John Woodroffe, 1918.



I am One and many are my forms.

Students who are familiar with various Hindu religious sects read self-description of major gods that he or she is the Primary God. Some of the following self-descriptive statements bear this out. I am Brahman; I am second to none; if you remember me at the time of death, you will attain liberation and be free of miseries of the world and samsara. If you worship other gods, you are really worshipping me alone, because I am the recipient of all sacrifices.

Mother Goddess (there are several--Devi, Mahalaksmi, Sarasvati, Mahakali and more), Siva and Vishnu (Krishna) make exactly the same statements. It goes to confirm that they are one and the same and their manifestations are many for the benefit of the devotees. The Mother Goddess claims that she gave birth to the three gods: Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesvara (Siva). Do not let that confuse you. Mother  Goddess is Sakti; with Siva she is Siva-Sakti. How could she be a Mother while she is also a consort of Siva? This is where the concept of "One is many" comes in. The Cosmic show is one-person act; One player takes many rolls. He or She can take forms any way that will bring benefit to the devotee. Let me elaborate on the Mother aspect of manifest Brahman. This subject needs more attention and study. Mother goes on to claim status of the Primal One and the First Goddess to the exclusion of all genders (male and neuter). I am Brahman; I assume the role of female form. I give birth to the universe. I am Sakti; Purusa joins me and becomes Sakti-Siva, which every one should worship to attain enjoyment and liberation. I provide Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksa to all beings including Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesvara. I am Isvari. I am the source of Maya, which is the material cause of the universe and yet I am far away from it (meaning that she is transcendent and Pure Consciousness and she is immune to her own Exomaya, which afflicts Jiva.) In my unmanifest form of Brahman (Daksinakalika), I have no attributes; Maya-created Jiva cannot perceive me because I am so far away from and beyond the reach of Maya. My body is made of Mantras and Tantras and all Sastras proceed from me.  I am Mahakaala (The Great Time); at the time of dissolution, I swallow and destroy the universe. Many times these self-descriptions come in the form of eulogy from Siva.


Thomas Carlyle says, "If a book come (sic) from the heart, it will contrive to reach other hearts; all craft and authorcraft are of small amount to that."

Sankaracharya says in Bajagovindam, "Adore Govinda (the Lord), O fool, rules of grammar will not save you, when you have a tryst with Time (Death). The purport is that Apara Vidya (arts and sciences), inferior knowledge, will not help you at the time of death; Para Vidya (knowledge of the Supreme) will take you home, when Time calls on you.

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